The cultivation of maize (Zea mays) has been widely acclaimed as one of the key solutions to fighting food insecurity in Cameroon and beyond. This is especially true given current population growth rate, which according to FAO’s projection, will be 9.1 billion by 2050.
The role and or potential of maize in enhancing food security is evident by it wide and varied cultivation across the globe, and it’s consumption pattern and ever increasing demand. For example the cash crop is consumed directly and or transformed to serve as the main component of animal feed. It also provides the basic raw materials for many industries including the brewing industry.
The nutritive nature of maize has also made it a force to reckon with in the fight against food insecurity. For instance 100g of maize contains; 360kj of energy, 18.7g of carbohydrates, 1.35g of fat, 3.27g of protein, 75.96g of water, 0.46mg of zinc, 89mg of phosphorous, 270mg of potassium, 6.8mg of vitamin C, 0.52mg of iron and 37mg of magnesium.
The high nutritive value of maize has induced a high consumption in Africa to an extent that many have resorted to calling it “The Black Man Ice cream”. In Cameroon, the ‘king crop’ is roasted, boiled, fried and eaten. It is also used for the preparation of a variety of traditional dishes like corky corn, corn chaff, pap corn-fufu etc., and drinks like corn beer, scha, etc.
Beside these, maize cultivation has become a veritable source of income to many farmers in Cameroon and beyond. “I do large scale maize farming at least 1ha/season. This is my major source of income and from it, I feed my family, sponsor my children in school”, said Mr. Ancha Desmond a farmer in Bokwango-Buea.
It with this shared understanding of the role of maize in enhancing food security that Cameroon’s environmental non-profit organization, Ecological Balance, set up a 1ha maize farm in March 2021, to help feed internally displaced families in Buea.
By Agborkang Godfred